The Olympic Massif is the highest mountain range in Greece, located between the northern and central parts of the country, separating historic Macedonia from Thessaly.

In terms of fauna, the Olympus massif is the habitat of many interesting animal species. In mountain forests and rocky areas you can meet wild boars, foxes, deer and chamois. Birds are also present in the Mount Olympus massif, and their diversity is impressive. There are eagles, hawks, owls, jays and thrushes. Fish such as trout and salmon live in the streams and rivers of the Mount Olympus massif.

Unique species, that we can find here

Among the more rare species that can be found in the Olympus massif are the European wild cat and endangered species such as the mountain marmot and the greater spotted eagle. Many species of insects and amphibians can also be found in the area of the Olympus massif.

Greater Spotted Eagle

The Greater Spotted Eagle (Aquila clanga) is a species of bird of prey from the Accipitridae family, similar to the Lesser Spotted Eagle. It has wide wings. Dark plumage. This bird occurs in Europe, Asia and Africa. In Poland, it occurs in Podlasie in the Biebrza Valley. It occurs in wetlands.


It is a genus of predatory mammal from the feline subfamily of the Felidae family. Formerly called a sharp-tailed eagle. It has a muscular and stocky figure, long limbs, a characteristic short tail and a small head set on a short neck. The lynx’s head is rounded and has a short facial part. Wide ears are crowned with tufts of stiff black hair, especially visible in adult males.

Flora of the Olympus massif

The flora of the Olympus massif includes both plant species typical of mountainous areas and those typical of Mediterranean regions. The lower parts of the mountains are dominated by forest species such as oaks, maples, beeches and ashes.

Plant species

At higher altitudes spruces, pines and larches can be found. It is also worth mentioning the lush grassy vegetation that covers some parts of the Olympus massif. There are flowers such as carnations, asters, marigolds and numerous species of orchids.

Nature conservation

However, it is worth noting that nature protection in the Mount Olympus massif is very important, and some areas are subject to restrictions in order to preserve the unique biodiversity of this place. These activities are aimed at protecting flora and fauna from the negative impacts of human activity and ensuring the permanent preservation of this beautiful mountain ecosystem.

Sprawdź również wersję polska artykułu–>